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Essay on Independence Day in India

Essay “Importance of Independence Day in India: India celebrates Independence Day on 15th August. On August 15, 1947, the country gained freedom from the tyranny of the British, and since then, our country has been celebrating this day of August as Independence Day.” Independence Day holds special significance for the citizens of India. It reminds them of the bloodshed and sacrifices made by the freedom fighters to gain independence. Freedom did not come in a day, nor did it come easily. It was the result of continuous struggle by the people of India under his political leadership and guidance of revolutionary freedom fighters. Herein lies the importance of Independence Day, as it reminds us of the pain and sacrifices made by our fellow countrymen to attain freedom.

Long and short essay in english on importance of independence day (15 august) in india

Here are essays of different lengths on the importance of Independence Day in India to help you with the topic in your exams/school assignments. These essays are written in simple and effective language to impress the reader.

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Short Essay on Independence Day in India – Essay 1 (200 words)

The citizens of India had to face British rule for decades. The British officers looted the wealth of the country and ill-treated the Indians. India, once known as the golden bird, suffered heavy losses at the hands of the British.

The British used to treat the citizens of India like slaves. He made Indians do hard work and paid very little for it. The people here felt helpless and followed the instructions of the British to meet their needs. However, we are grateful to those who showed courage and stood eye to eye with the British.

These Indian revolutionaries raised their voice against the tyranny of the British and inspired many others to do the same. Several protests and rallies were organized from time to time to express defiance against the British rule. While some of these revolutionaries, such as Mahatma Gandhi, adopted the path of non-violence to further their cause, others took an aggressive stand to fight and drive away the British.

The combined efforts of both these types of revolutionaries paid off and finally India got independence on 15 August 1947. Since then, every year August 15 is celebrated as Independence Day. It is celebrated with great pomp across the country.

Essay on Importance of Independence Day in India – Essay 2 (300 words)


Independence Day of 15th August holds special significance for the citizens of India. It is a day that reminds them of the sacrifices of the freedom fighters. It inculcates a sense of patriotism in them and fills them with enthusiasm to do something for their country.

Symbol of Respect for Freedom Fighters

India had been under British rule for decades. The atrocities of the British kept on increasing with time. Many Indians came forward to fight the British and drive them out of the country. Under the leadership of freedom fighters like Bal Gangadhar Tilak, Shaheed Bhagat Singh, Mahatma Gandhi, Sarojini Naidu, Rani Lakshmi Bai and Subhash Chandra Bose, the citizens of India came together and fought for their freedom.

He was inspired by these leaders and selflessly participated in the freedom struggle. Many protests took place and many agitations were started. Many people lost their lives and others went to jail during these incidents, however this did not dampen their spirit to fight the British. Independence Day is a way of reminding us of their sacrifices and thus it holds special significance for the citizens of our country.

Celebrate Freedom Yet Stay Down to Earth

Independence Day is also a way of celebrating our freedom. The day our country got independence, on that day the citizens of India tasted the true freedom. They celebrated this new found freedom and this day recalls the same spirit year after year. However, it also reminds us of the importance of staying close to our roots and still grounded when we soar and feel free.


The people of India are grateful to those who fought for the freedom of their country. They celebrate their independence every year on 15th August which is marked as Indian Independence Day. This day is really special for every Indian. This can be clearly seen from the way this day is celebrated across the country.

Essay on How Is Independence Day Celebrated in India? – Essay 3 (400 Words)


Indian citizens celebrate Independence Day with great enthusiasm in India, and it holds great importance for them. On this day, various places in the country witness the hoisting of the Indian flag. Offices, schools, residential societies, and other places across the country organize many small and big celebrations.Here are the highlights of these Independence Day celebrations:

Flag Raising

The Indian flag, tricolor, is hoisted at the beginning of the festival. All those gathered for the celebration stand during the flag hoisting, after which the national anthem, Jana, Gana, Mana, is sung. People pay respect to the national anthem by standing in a meditative position while the national anthem is being played.


The next line is usually a speech by the chief guest or a member of the organizing committee. In schools and colleges the speech is usually delivered by the principal. This speech is about the way India got independence from the British rule and the challenges faced by the people living in the colonized India.

Poetry Reading

Patriotic songs and poems are sung by the people to enjoy the occasion and remember the great souls who selflessly sacrificed their lives so that their fellow citizens could live in a free country.


Debates and quiz competitions are organized on this day and people take part in them enthusiastically. The theme of these competitions revolves around the Independence Day. It brings the participants as well as the spectators closer to the feeling of patriotism towards the country.

Cultural Activities

The organizers skillfully enhance the flavor of this event by arranging various cultural activities. Moreover, they hold dance and singing competitions, where enthusiastic participants showcase dance forms from different states. Dressed in colorful outfits that match their favorite dance form, the participants light up the whole atmosphere with fun and frolic through their captivating performances.

Sweet Delivery

The tradition of distributing sweets on Independence Day is as old as the day itself. Where earlier laddoos were distributed on this day, these days different types of sweets are distributed among the people. Nowadays beautiful and delicious tricolor sweets are available in the market. These are distributed at various places to celebrate this event.


People are mostly seen dressed in traditional clothes of saffron, white or green colors or a combination of these. Wearing tricolor badges, hair bands and wrist bands are also in vogue nowadays. The whole atmosphere is filled with the spirit of patriotism. The whole country is united on this day.

Essay on why do we celebrate independence day? – Essay 4 (500 words)


We the citizens of independent India love our country and are proud to be a part of it. Independence Day celebrated on 15th August has special significance for all of us. It is celebrated with great enthusiasm in various schools, colleges, offices and other places across the country. We celebrate Independence Day in the memory of those who sacrificed their lives to give us a free nation and also celebrate the joy of freedom given to us. However, these are not the only reasons for grand celebration on this day. Here are the various reasons why we celebrate Independence Day and its significance for us:

Pay Tribute to the Freedom Fighters

One of the main reasons for celebrating Independence Day is to remember the freedom fighters who sacrificed their lives so that we can breathe freely in a free nation. This festival is a tribute to all those great souls. We deliver speeches to describe the heroic deeds of our freedom fighters and express our gratitude for liberating our country from British rule. We sing songs in their praise, and various cultural programs organized on this day are also dedicated to honoring them.

Be Grateful and Humble

Those who witnessed the carnage and hardships faced during the British rule are more humble. He has seen the real hardships of life and values the good times. This sense of gratitude and humble attitude is missing in the younger generation. Independence Day celebrations are a way to introduce people to real world problems and remind them to be grateful for what they have been given.

Celebrate the Spirit of Freedom

Independence Day is also celebrated to celebrate the true spirit of freedom and independence. The happiness of the citizens of our country knew no bounds as the efforts of the freedom fighters paid off and they got independence in 1947. They experienced true freedom and this feeling of true freedom is celebrated every year.

Keep the Love for Your Country Alive

The whole country is filled with the spirit of patriotism regarding Independence Day. Dedicating a special day to the country’s independence and celebrating it in different parts is a great way to show love and respect for the country. It is a way of keeping the love for our country alive in our hearts.

Inspire the Young Generation to Serve the Nation

Indeed, Independence Day celebration serves as a way to inspire the young minds to serve the nation dedicatedly, just as the previous generations used to do. The young generation imbibes a sense of patriotism from the heroic deeds of the freedom fighters and their love and dedication towards their country. Consequently, this inspiration propels them to serve the country in any way they can.


Thus Independence Day is celebrated for various reasons. To be precise, this day is celebrated to keep alive the spirit of patriotism and at the same time to enjoy the spirit of freedom. Independence Day is a national holiday in our country and thus it is also a time to connect with loved ones and celebrate this day together.


Essay on Independence Day Celebration in School/College/All over the Country – Essay 5 (600 words)


Independence Day in India is celebrated every year on 15 August. The country remained under the rule of the British for almost 200 years, finally it broke free from their clutches and became an independent nation. Since then 15th August has become a day to celebrate the spirit of freedom. It is also celebrated as a tribute to the freedom fighters who laid down their lives to give us a better place to live.

Every citizen of India celebrates Independence Day with great enthusiasm and courage because it means a lot to them and holds great importance. Schools, colleges, and people across the country celebrate the day, and it holds significance for both the students and citizens of the nation.

Independence Day Celebrations in Schools/Colleges

Since August 15 is a national holiday, most schools and colleges in the country celebrate Independence Day a day earlier. Many schools, colleges, and other educational institutions in the country celebrate Independence Day with full gusto.

Independence Day celebrations in schools and colleges across the country include flag hoisting, speech, debate and quiz competitions, dance, poetry recitation and various other cultural activities.These activities enthral students, and they wholeheartedly participate in them. The students of the primary wing also dress up as freedom fighters. These activities take the students closer to their roots and inculcate in them a sense of patriotism which is otherwise missing in this generation.

Independence Day Celebrations in Offices

“Offices also hold celebrations a day before Independence Day. Employees in offices are usually asked to wear saffron, white, or green attire to keep up with the theme of Independence Day. People dress in ethnic wear in the mentioned colors, and the whole atmosphere lights up.”

Flag hoisting is done in many offices across the country. Special luncheons are organized to strengthen the bond between the employees. Tricolor rice and sweets form part of these lunches. People also come forward to give speeches on this occasion. Some offices also organize cultural programs to increase the enthusiasm.

Independence Day Celebrations in Residential Areas

Residents Welfare Associations of various residential areas take initiative to celebrate Independence Day these days. On Independence Day, people gather at a nearby park early in the morning to celebrate the day in true sense. They dress up according to the theme of Independence Day and participate in various activities organized during the event. Flag hoisting is done at the beginning of the festival.

People assume a meditative position to pay respect to the national anthem, which gets played after the hoisting of the flag. During these celebrations, patriotic songs play at full volume, and the spirit of patriotism engulfs the attendees. Organizers hold dance and poetry recitation competitions during these events. Additionally, fancy dress competitions get organized, wherein children dress up as freedom fighters like Jawaharlal Nehru, Sarojini Naidu, Bhagat Singh, etc.

These competitions are usually followed by brunch. During these events, people sit together and enjoy food. This is a good time to socialize with your neighbors.

Flying kite

Kite flying is a ritual in many parts of our country on Independence Day. Colorful kites flying freely in the sky are considered a symbol of freedom. People go to their terraces or go to nearby grounds to enjoy the activity of kite flying. They invite their friends and relatives to enjoy this activity together. this is very funny. Kite flying competitions are also organized at various places and people participate in them with full enthusiasm.

In Conclusion

Independence Day is a day to celebrate freedom and independence. It is also a day to remember the great souls who stood up for their rights and fought without caring for their lives. It is celebrated with great enthusiasm all over the country.